Arthrosis is the most common of all diseases of the musculoskeletal system. The knees are very prone to it, as they bear most of the load. Let's take a closer look at what arthrosis of the knee joint is and how to deal with this disease.
Arthrosis of the knee joint is a pathology associated with the development of degenerative-dystrophic processes in the cartilage tissue of this joint. As the disease progresses, the disease affects not only the cartilage itself, but also other tissues, including the periarticular ligaments and muscles, and over time, processes can develop that contribute to bone destruction.
As we age, the body experiences difficulties that lead to tissue malnutrition and accelerate thirst. Under the influence of mechanical, biochemical, and other factors, cartilage tissue gradually begins to deteriorate, which then develops into arthrosis of the right knee joint or left joint.
With age, the frequency of these pathological diagnoses increases. Women are particularly prone to the development of gonarthrosis, which is due to the changing characteristics of their body and hormones.
Also at risk are athletes and people whose jobs are related to weight lifting and constant load on the legs.
In general, the following risk groups can be distinguished:
When entering a risk group, you must regularly monitor the condition of your joints, as well as take precautionary measures.
If we discuss the specific causes of dystrophic processes in cartilage tissue, it has a lot to do with a person's daily life. Existing health problems also play a role.
The main causes of gonarthrosis are:
If you do not take steps to prevent the influence of this cause, the careless cost of your health care will be indicated by many problems with the musculoskeletal system and other body systems.
Initially, the disease is not symptomatic or anxiety occurs only occasionally. Most knees begin to ache after a long stay in one position or an intense day at work. Since the symptoms do not bother and disappear completely after rest, a person does not immediately realize that he has a serious health problem.
Gradually, discomfort increases, severe pain appears. They hurt naturally, but as they move, they become sharp and sudden. As the disease progresses, discomfort increases.
Other symptoms of gonarthrosis are:
This is the desire to relieve pain which is often a major stimulant factor for a person to refer to a clinic. The sooner you do this, the more chances you have of stopping the pathological process. Otherwise, the change will be irreversible and impossible to solve problems with conservative methods.
An increase in temperature is observed in some cases. This phenomenon is rarely observed, this indicates a strong inflammatory process. It may be due to an infection, for example, if you have recently suffered a leg injury.
In medical practice, this disease has a special classification.
There are the following types of knee joint arthrosis:
It is also necessary to distinguish between periarthrosis. The disease involves the muscles and ligaments, through which the articular joints move.
Another important category is knee hyperarthrosis. This is the name for a progressive degenerative process in cartilage. In the latter stage, there is significant deformed gonarthrosis. Need to discuss the stage of pathological development in more detail.
There are four main stages of knee arthrosis. Each of them is distinguished by a clearer manifestation of the disease and the emergence of new negative processes.
If the first stage of gonarthrosis is very likely to be eliminated by the method of saving and completely restoring the health of the extremities, the third - fourth stage is irreversible and practically unacceptable by conservative treatment. That is why it is important to seek help from a medical institution as early as possible.
Regarding the consequences of gonarthrosis, there is initially no specific risk to human health, if appropriate measures are taken in a timely manner. Of course, inflammation of the knee causes some discomfort, but the symptoms and process of dystrophy itself can still be eliminated.
The more the patient ignores the problem, the more neglected. In the second stage, the cartilage begins to deteriorate, and is almost irreversible. Severe pain interferes with a normal person's lifestyle, putting psychological stress.
The main consequences of progressive gonarthrosis are:
Key question: is it possible to walk with knee arthrosis? Movement contributes to the healing of the whole organism, but this rule only works if the disease is detected earlier.
At a later stage, movement can only exacerbate the destructive process, therefore patients are advised to rest in bed and wear a special orthosis. With deformity and blockage of leg movements, walking is disrupted, i. e. the person becomes deformed. This is a major risk in the development of gonarthrosis.
To avoid such complications and not to become deformed, you must immediately seek help. An orthopedic surgeon can advise on the treatment of gonarthrosis.
The success of further treatment depends largely on the level of detail in the diagnosis, and therefore it is not necessary to ignore the specialist's prescription on the need to undergo certain examination procedures.
A comprehensive diagnosis of arthrosis can include the following methods:
To get rid of gonarthrosis and its consequences, it is necessary to approach the solution of this problem properly. Only a doctor will be able to choose the most effective medication in each particular case.
Often, various medicines are used, as well as folk methods. A number of techniques overlap with each other, for example, various compresses.
If done correctly, it is very possible to weaken the manifestations of the disease and restore the health of your feet to some degree. If he does not hesitate with treatment, otherwise it is impossible to do without drastic measures.
The first thing to start treatment is drug therapy. It can be divided into several areas, depending on the goal you want to achieve:
Only the attending physician has the right to prescribe and correct drug therapy for knee arthrosis. Independent use of the drug is not desirable, only the use of vitamin supplements and the use of some chondroprotectors is allowed.
An important stage in the treatment process is changing your lifestyle, especially eating habits. Much depends on the severity of the disease, for example, cycling at the beginning of development can be beneficial and stimulate the recovery process.
At the same time, when problems with bending extension movements arise, such a load can only worsen the patient's condition and worsen the destructive process.
In general, activity is encouraged, as movement helps treat many diseases of the musculoskeletal system. In this case, it is very important to observe the rest of the regimen, not to burden the feet, and to avoid sudden movements.
In particular, the question of whether the possibility of running with arthrosis of the knee joint is being considered. It is better to replace physical activity like this with brisk walking.
If we talk about nutrition, contraindications to gonarthrosis are related to alcohol and snack intake. It is very important to exclude fatty and salty foods.
Diet should be as close as possible to healthy foods, including vegetables and fruits, grains, milk and cheese, lean meats and fish. Products that help restore hyaline cartilage are very useful: seafood, entrails, jellies, apples, algae, etc.
Physiotherapy is a mandatory component of treatment. Modern medicine also uses a variety of manual and non-traditional methods to influence the body. It is recommended to observe such a procedure.
If we take a closer look at treatment with the help of physical training, it should first be noted that the norms of permissible load are set by the specialist. It is best to attend group exercise therapy classes. Sports for knee arthrosis are included in mandatory programs, including during postoperative recovery.
Let's highlight the main clues used for gonarthrosis:
Physical activity for arthrosis of the knee joint should be done regularly and in strict doses. If your feet are excessive or skip class, there will be no good effect. It is also important to choose the right training for your specific situation. Check this point first with the curator, for example, is it possible to squat with arthrosis in your case.
Also, the treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint at home is closely related to the use of traditional medicine recipes. Keep in mind that before using one or another self-prescribed medication, you need to make sure that there are no allergies and other contraindications, and also consult a doctor.
Otherwise, the effects can be reversed, or the effects of home treatment can increase the effects of medicines in pharmacies. Even so, folk methods are still in demand, as the price is much lower than most medicines purchased.
For gonarthrosis, the following medications are most commonly used:
A large number of patients are concerned with the question: can knee joint arthrosis be cured once it has entered stages 2 - 3? Unfortunately, it is not possible to restore the health of the cartilage layer, but there is still a way out of the situation.
If you have arthrosis of the knee joint, treatment options are divided into surgical and conservative techniques. If the cartilage is completely worn out, just by performing surgery, the damaged limb function can be restored.
The best option is to use endoprostheses. In this case, the damaged articular joint elements are removed partially or completely, and a special prosthesis is installed in place using bolts and surgical cement. Over time, they will overgrow bone tissue and will bear all the necessary loads.
Since knee joint arthrosis treatment methods are not always feasible, arthrodesis methods are used as an alternative to reduce pain and prevent limb deformities.
If in the first case the motor ability of the foot is maximally restored, with arthrodesis the opposite effect appears - the limb is mounted in a certain position, and after cutting the bones, the elements merge. Therefore, movement will only be available in one direction.
To prevent the development of this disease, it is necessary to prevent arthrosis of the knee joint.
To do this, follow these guidelines:
At first glance, see your doctor to start fighting the disease in a timely manner.