The inspiration is a complex physiological act. Once in the body, all is well, we do not perceive, as we breathe. But sometimes you may feel back pain when breathing. Why this happens? Let's first understand how respiration, and the organs involved in the process.
Pain in the back, inspiring you – whether it is dangerous
During the breathing involved not only the bronchial tubes and lungs, but also the diaphragm, the muscles of the chest, thoracic and cervical, as well as межреберные nerves. The breathing process is controlled the main and a spinal cord. When межреберные the muscles are shortened in the state, and the diaphragm at rest, the volume of the abdominal cavity becomes smaller, but the volume of the thorax, on the contrary, increases. The increase in the volume of the chest dilates the lungs, allowing through the bronchi there penetrates the air. The result in the lungs to undergo the processes of gas exchange.
To understand how occurs the inhalation of air, let's see what can cause back pain when breathing.Pneumonia is one of the reasons
The pain during the breathing in the back, you can receive for various reasons, but, primarily, is that a good mechanism of breathing seems disturbed. In connection with the mechanism of respiration may fail? More often than the reasons found in the diseases of the organs of the chest, abdomen, localized in the spine, diseases that affect the bone and muscular system and the nearby tissue. Back pain while breathing, may also occur during pregnancy.
Always that deep breath back pain, pain can occur as a result of the развившейся pneumonia, сопровождаемой pleurisy. Notes of the pleura, which face each other, to thicken due to an inflammatory process. To breathe, they begin to rub together, which causes the characteristic pain when вздохе in the back. Usually, the symptom is only accompanies other: shortness of breath, fever, cough and general weakness. During this disease because of the cough, can appear pain in спинных muscles. This is due to the fact that when you cough on the muscles of the back and thorax bear greater load. Накопившаяся in the muscles lactic acid is given the pain in the back during breathing.Mirrored pain
"When вдыхаю, the pain in the back" – with such complaints, many times resorting to the doctor. Similar is the symptom may be a witness of diseases of organs located in the abdominal cavity. Some of these diseases can lead to low back pain on the right. The sensation of pain in diseases of the stomach, appendix, gallbladder, and т. д. often have pervasive in nature. That is, the patient feels pain, away from the organ affected. Sensations of pain scattered by the projection regions.
When вздохе back pain occurs because of the omissions of the diaphragm and increasing intra-abdominal pressure. Reflected the pain of this kind are also observed, and when the tumor processes, when the new growth is located in the organs of the abdominal cavity.Problem in the spinal column?
However, more often, when the difficult breathing, pain in the back, the cause can be found in disease, which is found in infants, upper-lumbar departments of vertebral column and also located nearby the muscles. What is the disease?
In the first place,the osteocondrose lumbar and thoracic departments, along with the displacement of an intervertebral disc. The last time the patient also often feels, because he had a pain in the spine thoracic.
In the second place, many times when breathing, pain in the back when several lesions of the vertebral column.
In the third place, when the neuralgia between the ribs.
In the fourth place, when the lumbar or thoracic радикулите, and also when myositis. They, many times, accompanies the pain in the back after a good night's sleep.
The cause of the development above the state are the adverse factors, such as the different violations of exchange processes, direct mechanical as well as hypothermia. In such cases, the back pain, it hurts to breathe due to damage in peripheral nerves. In the respiratory process of muscles and ribs is in motion, as a result of this movement, the dead nerves and generate pain impulses.Treatment
As you might have already noticed, the reasons for the back pain, difficulty breathing, the most diverse. This is why it is very important not to treat of course, going to a qualified full diagnostic of all systems and organs. In the examination necessarily include x-ray, ELECTROCARDIOGRAM, ultrasound of the internal organs, in case of suspicion of any disease. Explore the mucosa of the esophagus and the stomach. And the pathology in itself, the spinal column is more efficient, identified with the help of magnetic resonance imaging.
Difficult breathing, pain in the back – immediately contact your doctor!
The causes of sensation, as the pressure in the chest area
When the pressure in the chest, the man immediately begins to worry about heart disease. In fact, the majority of diseases manifest the same symptom, because of the defeat of the myocardium or heart muscle. However, there are many other reasons why you receive the oppressive pain in the chest: osteoporosis is one of the ribs, neurological disorders, myopathy. To identify the source of pain, we recommend that the algorithm of the differential diagnosis of the pathology described in the article.The main causes
Compresses the chest when the following diseases:
- osteocondrose thoracic spine – pathology, which is accompanied by a decrease in the height of the spine segment and violation trunks nervous. The compression of the nerve accompanied obtuse or acute pain, which are amplified after exercise;
- reflux acid reflux (the reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus) manifests after the ingestion of food. When it compresses the chest because spastic contractions of the skeletal musculature of food wall. To the side of the body passes to the trachea, therefore, of a given pathology of difficult breathing;
- between the ribs neuralgia is a consequence of degenerative disc disease thoracic or lesions in the ribs. When the disease becomes inflamed the nerve fibers, passing between the ribs. The pain improved when in closed curves upper part of the trunk. Breathing is difficult when the neuralgia between the ribs, due to the inability of the expansion and contraction of the chest wall to make respiratory movements;
- peptic ulcer and gastritis – disease, accompanied by increases allocation of gastric juice at rest (before the meal). In the midst of the pathology in the cavity of the stomach, builds up the gas, leading to expansion of the organ. The increase in volume is accompanied by pressure on the diaphragm, so the patient's difficult breathing and a feeling that the heart is crushed;
- pulmonary embolism – a serious disease, which is characterized by obstructed the pulmonary artery of blood clots (blood clot) or air. When pathology is observed a strong oppressive pain. Without treatment, pulmonary embolism leads to death of a man;
- the panic attacks, in which the pain of tightening combined with other manifestations of the disease: increased respiratory rate, increased power of contractions of the heart, convulsions, and twitching of the muscles;
- the angina pectoris – an increase of pressure in the chest due to an infringement of work the heart when the hypoxia of the myocardium. Pathogenetic link of the disease is the lack of blood supply to coronary artery disease clot or atherosclerotic plaque. The disease may be the consequence of a long period of stress;
- dissection of the aorta is difficult to be seen as the main cause of the pain, as well as their probability of occurrence is not greater than 5%. However, the pathology combines with the feeling that suffocates the middle in the chest. The symptoms quickly growing and without treatment, leading to the death of a person.
These reasons often cause pressure in the chest, to the right and one in the middle. Their detection and treatment of the disease allows you to avoid serious complications. However, the diagnostic algorithm must take into consideration other causes of pathology.So it makes it difficult to breath
Resolving, by the patient is difficult to breathe when the pain in the chest, to the right, the doctors have to cope with a large number of pathological conditions. To determine the cause of the disease, they perform a series of diagnostic tests:
- ask the patient to lift the right hand up. If a person has a feeling that compresses the heart, to the right, the disease, probably caused by neurological states (panic attacks, between the ribs neuralgia);
- to analyze the heart rhythm. If it is fast, you can't dismiss heart disease. For these purposes, it is assigned to ECG, ultrasound of heart and the consultation of a cardiologist, after detection of the negative results of the search;
- when tightening the chest during breathing, it can be assumed tumor of the mediastinum or lung pathology. In such a situation in a rational way the assignment of an x-ray or флюорографии of the lung. Symptoms such as cough, the allocation of sputum, and the temperature increase, confirming the hypothesis;
- very sweetly to the right, after eating the symptom indicates pathology of the stomach or the esophagus. To find out the cause of the pain is assigned эзофагогастродуоденоскопия and a series of biochemical studies (amylase, ALT, AST, bilirubin);
- if it compresses the upper part of the trunk to the right when swallowing, it can be assumed laryngitis. To determine the disease, the doctor will examine; the throat and prescribe the advice of a specialist. When there is suspicion of sinusitis will have to do x-rays of the paranasal sinuses;
- after the injury the person as it is difficult to breathe. The fracture of the ribs on the right, accompanied by difficulty of breathing process.
If there was a strong pain in the chest, to the left, and difficult breathing, the symptom can be assigned to one of the following reasons:
- aneurysm of the aorta – package of shells of a vessel with the accumulation of them and blood pressure to the surrounding tissues. The disease is confirmed by angiography (study of the vessels with the introduction of one of the contrast medium);
- coronary artery disease (angina) and myocardial infarction disease – threatening life. When they chest tightens so much that it's hard to breathe and receive the fear for her own life. The pain on the left show over the defeat of a large amount of heart muscle;
- peptic ulcer – if the pressure in the chest after food ingestion. In most cases, the pain weakened after taking the pill (but-spa);
- pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) also causes a strong pain caused the left chest wall. It is enhanced through the intake of food;
- a hiatal hernia is characterized by respiratory difficulty after the meal. The pathology occurs due to the loss of the intestine to the thoracic cavity through weak points in the diaphragm;
- diseases of the spine with compression of the nerve roots.
The list of causes of pain is not definitive. To the right in the chest causing a sensation of pain may a large list of pathological conditions. We describe only the most frequent of them.By tightening the chest in the middle
Chest pain in the middle occurs when above all states. There are a number of pathological conditions, tightening in the middle:
- muscle spasms occur during physical exertion, stress, and feelings of nervous. When you take a muscle relaxant pathology disappears by itself;
- deformation of the lateral side of the spine (scoliosis) can tighten the soft tissues located in the chest cavity. When it can be of breaking bone and cartilage, structures and nerves. A similar situation can occur when the disease Ankylosing, osteocondrose and hernia of the intervertebral disc.
If the pain in the chest that occurs after exercise and tensions nerve, one can not exclude neurological pathology.
In children, when such symptoms should check the the throat. When you do this, it is possible the emergence of a feeling that squeezes the chest in the middle.What to do
When tightening the chest, you must do the following:
- Call an ambulance, as well as some of the causes of diseases are life threatening.
- Adopt a seated posture and try to relax.
- When stable angina to take a nitroglycerin tablet under the tongue.
- Try with calm and breathe evenly.
Therefore, etiological factor, by rupture of the chest in the middle, to the right and to the left, the set. To determine the immediate cause of the disease can only doctor. Only is not being treated is dangerous to life!