Back pain is one of the most common complaints of the patients. It is often that the pain in the lumbar or thoracic spine occurs in the middle of the disease, not directly related to the back. In this context, when the back pain is very important to the diagnosis, based on the testimony of a patient and special studies.
Causes of back pain can be:
- inflammatory diseases of the spine;
- the injury;
- disease of the internal organs;
- the excess weight;
- neurological diseases;
- poor posture, flat feet;
- is not defined by the norms and stereotyped physical activities.
The nature of pain and the events prior to her emergence, help to put the correct diagnosis. The back pain can appear after a fall or injury. It is possible to regulate the injury, which involves the reception of painkillers and самонаблюдение within 12 hours. If the pain has not passed, you should contact your doctor. Even if prevented from movement of a limb, he feels a tingling sensation or loss of sensation in the of them happened to be spontaneous urination or bowel movement is symptoms of spinal cord injuries, requiring urgent hospitalization.
The pain in the back above the waist, accompanied by a temperature and common disease, can indicate a kidney infection and requires urgent treatment in the clinic.
The pain of the back, often increases with the passing of the years, bringing it to малоподвижности. Possible causes are the osteocondrose, межпозвонковые hernia and протрузии disks, which reduces the elasticity of the cartilage. If the pain appeared after the exercise, the work-at-home, weight-lifting, the reason can be the stretching of muscles or ligaments, as well as in displacement of the vertebral discs, and violation of the nerve. In the background of already existing disease of the spinal column, the probability of the occurrence of cases increases.
The treatment of pain in the back
The treatment спинальных the pain is always a complex event, which includes the following methods:
- receive painkillers, the reduction of inflammatory processes;
- physical therapy, manipulative;
- massage, therapeutic exercise;
- software healthy environments of work and rest;
- the diet, aimed at weight reduction and obtain the necessary nutrients to maintain the elasticity of muscles, ligaments, cartilage.
Individual to the most severe cases, it may be necessary a surgical intervention.
The prevention of back pain
For prevention of back pain is necessary to keep under control a series of factors. First of all, you must make sure a comfortable place to sleep and work.
Uncomfortable bed, or the chair of the work lead to an incorrect constant load on the spine. Give preference on the rug, pillows and chairs. Avoid hypothermia, which can trigger inflammatory processes.
If your work is related to physical activity, to try to produce the least possible operations on the slope to the front. For the lifting of weights, best squat with the back straight. Must keep track of your weight, and try to keep it within age normal, so as not to overload the spine.
Necessarily, do physical exercises, especially swimming, which form a corset without the excess load on the joints. Wear comfortable shoes, which will prevent the wrong load on the foot, and motor skills in general.
When the reception of back pain do not forget to consult your doctor. Keep in mind that only a thorough examination with the current id of the chronic diseases is able to give the clinical picture and will assign an appropriate treatment. The adherence to a doctor's recommendations, timely taking medication and the rate of exchange of special procedures to help him get back to normal life.