The reasons for the emergence of pain in the region of the neck too. Conventionally, can be divided into related osteo-muscular spinal unit, and diseases of the internal organs. Some of the state, are in need of immediate help, and even immediate treatment.
Indisputable to all, it is a fact exceptional, the values of the spinal column health, as well as the life of a person. That is why nature provides a shield of pain that is caused in the back, срабатывающий each time that the vertebral column or related to organs or tissues exposed to pathological processes. It is important to timely and true to respond to these signals, for pain in the back and neck, becoming an obstacle to the usual pace of life.
The main causes
Back and neck pain occur due to a variety of reasons. It should be understood that these symptoms are only an indicator of the disease. The majority of people are sure that the pain in the back or neck related with the abnormal function of the muscles, bones or joints that form these parts of the body. Basically, this is true. However, there are a large number of arguments that refute this claim. Can be divided with the reasons that it hurts the neck and the back, in two groups.Osteo-muscular system
The first must be assigned to causes related to the deficient functioning of the musculoskeletal system back and neck:
- hernia of the intervertebral disc;
- the displacement of the intervertebral joint;
- between the ribs neuralgia;
- the kyphosis;
- incorrect distribution of the physical load;
- an injury in the back and neck.
The second group includes the causes related to the pathology of other organs and systems, when the pain spreads over the nerve endings located in the region of the neck and of the back:
- angina pectoris, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction;
- inflammatory disease of the kidneys;
- infectious diseases;
- the disease of the lung, pleura;
- the presence of tumors in the back or neck.
The biggest discomfort a man experiences when it hurts the spine in the neck region. Such a state of experts call neck pain. Neck easily vulnerable due to the large number of functions to be performed, assigned to it the nature. Is the neck, thanks to his muscles and cervical vertebrae, provides the mobility of the head. Within the throat are the esophagus, the larynx, the trachea, the large blood and lymph vessels.
Pain in the neck occur most often in the spinal column to the left or to the right. The most likely cause of neck pain is spasms of the muscle fibers. This occurs because of hypothermia (air currents, the flow of cold air from the air-conditioning), lesions long-stay однотипной posture (you have a computer, during the sleep uncomfortable pad), the sharp swivel of the head, or improper use of load. When the inflammation of the muscles person experiences a strong pain, which may extend an arm or a putty knife. The muscle fibres are swollen, they exert pressure on the nerve fibers that pass through your muscles, causing the pain becomes even more intense.
Very similar to the symptoms has strap to the neck sciatica, which form due to an injury of the root of the spinal nerve. The pain can irradiate (give), through the course of the nerve fibres, accompanied by weakness in the hands, a violation of the mobility of the neck. Appears cervical sciatica less lumbar. Disease occurs due to injury, degenerative processes in the spine, the availability of отростков in the bones and tumors in the region of the nerve root.
Back and neck pain can also be associated with degenerative changes in the spine: остеохондрозом, osteoarthritis. Pain blunt character related with the abnormal function of the tissue of the cartilage of the vertebrae, which thicken, then begin to exert pressure on the nerve back. Osteocondrose causes poor circulation in the brain, occurs pain that is caused in the region of the chest, arms, back.
Between the vertebrae hernia
The reason why it hurts to the spinal column in the neck region, it may be a hernia of the intervertebral disc. This condition violates normal vital functions of the nerve, it decreases the sensitivity, the activity and functioning of the muscle fibers. In the case of spinal cord injuries occurs numbness in the limbs, a distortion of the function of the pelvic organs.
Increased lymph nodes in the neck, the presence of tumors lead to the appearance of the starting point of pain syndrome of different intensity. This occurs because of a violation of blood supply, the tissues are separated, as well as the pressure on the nerve endings.
Each time, when it hurts the neck and the back, the man tries various ways to deal with the problem. To justify this behavior may be, because the pain that is caused to be extremely intense and occurs suddenly. However, it's worth calling attention to the alarming signs that should call the attention because of a real threat to the life of the patient and immediately seek medical advice:
- the muscle pain is accompanied by high temperature, in the absence of symptoms of flu or COLDS;
- the pain is located in the region of the neck, shoulders, chest, and also accompanied by wheezing;
- the pain is accompanied by онемением one or both of the members, the weakening of your muscle strength;
- the pain in the back or neck has a character, accompanied by cramps, is enhanced when you cough or sneeze;
- the acute back pain accompanied by chest pain, and irradiate under the spatula;
- acute pain in the region of the neck or back occur in children or pregnant women.
Prevention and treatment
As a general rule, pain in the region of the neck and back appear in the inactive life-style, excess weight, frequent stressful situations, poor distribution of intensity of physical exercise. All of these pre-requirements, contribute to the occurrence of disease or traumatic factors that violate the normal functioning of the skeletal and muscular.
It is necessary to respect the rules about the lifting and handling of loads, avoid sudden movements, strengthen the muscles with the practice of sports and physical exercises. An important factor in the prevention of pathologies of the vertebral column is the fight of bariatric, with the goal of reducing the load on the neck and back. However, the food must be rich in proteins, vitamins, and minerals.
The application of almost all the drugs to relieve back and neck pain, you should co-ordinate with your doctor. The assignment of a course of therapy should be performed after the definition of the diagnosis of the disease. You don't have to do massage, прогревание or rub off the ointment. The similar activities and will not aggravate the patient's state, which can distort the clinical picture, complicate the formulation of a diagnosis.
Most often for the treatment of pain in the region of the neck and back, experts recommend medicines group non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of tablets, capsules, creams, ointments, or injection. Popular are medications, which include Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, Voltaren, Ketoprofen, Meloxicam. Effective established the adhesives that contain active anti-inflammatory: Dolobene, Dorsaplast, Versatis.
One should know that the therapy of the state, accompanied by pain in the back and neck, it should be comprehensive and aimed at addressing the causes of the disease. Amateur approach to the treatment of the starting point of the pain syndrome of the back and the neck is not valid.