The back pain in the lower back: symptoms, causes, what to do, forms of treatment.

Why are there low back pain

Pain in the lumbar region of the back – is extremely common. Paleontologists and biologists believe that this is a consequence of evolution such acquisition, such as bipedalism.

The main causes

It is possible to distinguish two groups of reasons, conducive to the emergence of pain in the lumbar region.

Diseases of the spinal column and internal organs

The pain can occur as a result of defects or diseases acquired.

Thus, congenital defects in particular may be assigned:

  • changes and cracks of the vertebrae;
  • irregular-shaped processes vertebrae, its shortening or lengthening.

The cleft vertebrae: 1,2-rear, 3,4-side, 5-7-front

These problems may flow completely asymptomatic or accompanied by an acute pain when you perform certain species of slope, the complexity of the move, urinary problems, mental retardation.

The causes of lower back pain can have, and neurological character:

  • the clogging of the nerves in the spine (can be described the pain sharp and sudden);
  • in osteocondrose, which develops as a result of sedentary and inactive life-style, and calls the pull the pain due to muscle fatigue;
  • sciatica, characterized by an atrophic changes of the sciatic nerve (most often the pain when you do this, the disease enters into the buttock, occurs abruptly and all of a sudden).
  • multiple sclerosis (this chronicle is an autoimmune disease attacks the shell of nerve fibers of the spinal cord and brain, causing pain different, the location, the manifestations and difficult to cure).

In addition, the sharp pain of a similar nature can also cause:

  • the degenerative sacroiliitis — a serious disease, which is the suppurative-inflammatory process on the surface of the sacral-iliac joint;
  • osteoporosis,the reason why — lack of calcium in the body or violation of its exchange (in the early stages of the disease is characterized chronic aching headaches, seizures, changes in posture).

Another type of pain in the lumbar pain of having pervasive nature.

They may be a symptom characteristic of a number of diseases of different organs and systems:

  • infections of the urinary system (chlamydia, ureaplasmosis);
  • instability of the bowel and GASTROINTESTINAL cancer;
  • the hemorrhoid is fired from sedentary work;
  • tumors and polyps in the uterus;
  • complications after colds (after sore throat, flu, COLDS);
  • radiculitis (cause pains in the lumbar region, giving the leg).

In some cases, the cause can be:

  • physiological changes (pregnancy, childbirth, menstruation);
  • excess physical exertion (in particular, the lifting of weights);
  • sharp weight gain;
  • epidural.

When any type of illnesses and states of pain loin?

The causes of pain men

The causes of pain men

Lumbar pain that men may have different etiologies and characterized by its distinctive features.

Age and hormonal changes have little impact on male the spine, however, many times, problems with the prostate can cause feature deep weakly expressed pain.

The main reason of pain in the lumbar region in men may be assigned:

To stretch the muscles

Many times people not involved by the nature of its activities, physical labor, have weak back muscles, especially the larger muscles.

Ability to distribute the physical load it is necessary to produce.

When you lift weights a qualified person of the entire weight shifts to the bottom of the back, not the biceps, triceps or muscle of the chest. The consequence of this is to draw the largest muscles of the back.

When you extend the pain appears and then occurs, falling to the hot packs, the heating ointments.

It can be felt if you stay there for a long time and place in position lying on his back.


The cause of the fracture can become a major trauma, the banal, of an injury.

To change the position of the intervertebral disk, fracture of the lumbar spine can even cause a bad step or loss of balance.

The symptom of fracture is the acute pain in the lower part of the waist, or in the area of the coccyx.

Sometimes, the pain may pass the upper or lower limbs, intensified by changing the position of the body.

Metastases from tumors of the genital organs

The pain from the metastasis to bone of the spinal column stronger, sometimes becoming unbearable.

Visit to the cancer can not be postponed, when it hurts the back and the testicles or the penis.

Similar to the pain possible to remove only powerful drugs, the necrotizing process changes tissue stop will most likely fail.

Kidney disease

About a third of the male patients with low back pain suffer from kidney problems.

The pain in the region of the kidneys is enhanced during movements and long stay in the upright position. In the state of rest the pain disappears.

If you stay for a long time, the pain may increase gradually.

This is due to the fact that the liquid running to the kidneys and creates excess pressure on the spine.

After drinking the lower back pain can also occur.


This disease causes pain lumbar right and rear. Sometimes it gives pain in the groin.

Other symptoms of prostatitis are a burning sensation when urinating, erection problems.

The main cause of this disease is the stagnation of the blood in the capillaries, or a bacterial infection.

The causes of pain in women

The causes of pain in women

The female body is constantly subject to hormonal changes, tremors.

Certain types of pain in the female body occur normal and are not a sign of concern.

The pain related with the menstrual cycle

The pain that occur in different periods of the menstrual cycle, does not necessarily indicate some type of pathology:

  • When the month the increase in the sizes of the uterus presses on the muscles of the back, causing an unpleasant sensation;
  • If the pain occur before a monthly for 7-8 days and give in the belly, then this shows the need of revising the power supply mode. It is best to include in the diet more foods rich in fiber and fruit acids.
  • Pain in the middle of the cycle, may be associated with the output of the egg from the ovary;
  • The pain after months indicate problems in the functioning of the reproductive system, in this case, it is necessary to visit a specialist.

The pain caused by pregnancy

In the first few weeks, when the woman still does not know about its position, it can twist the loins and the lower part of the belly. Such pain, according to the nature of recall in the pre-menstrual and, many times, coincide with them about the cycle of life.

The delay monthly in this case, you can talk about the pregnancy or infectious process.

Sometimes, there may be small cells in the blood check, they are associated with the introduction of fetal egg in the wall of the uterus.

If it hurts the lower part of the belly and the loin, and the month is not, the first thing that you should do is a pregnancy test.

Many times, similar to the pain will follow the female for several months, in such cases, the doctor suggests that the administration of the drug with magnesium.

During pregnancy, especially in the last cycle of life, most women are faced with pain below or above the waist.

This is due to the fact that the growing belly has a large load on the muscles of the back.

If the pain is constant and is related to the activity, the future mom needs support from a bandage, which will distribute the workload among the different groups of muscles.

If the loin pain during sleep and in the morning, probably the woman is sleeping in an uncomfortable position.

Help can special pillow to sleep, that keep the body and prevent muscle tension. Low back pain during the night must pass.

By the end of the term the pain may focus on the lumbar spine to the right or to the left: this does not indicate a fetal position, and bending posture.

The pain can pass along the pregnant woman, when you are seated, fully supported on the foot support.

After an abortion

Women who chose to interrupt their pregnancy, or that it is for health reasons, in virtually 100% of the cases, they complain of pain after the abortion.

Causes of headaches may be:

  • inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus (dysmenorrhea);
  • on the status of women;
  • the contraction of the uterus after an abortion.

In this case, the pain can give the rhythm or focus on the bottom of the waist.

The pain associated with the pain of childbirth

After childbirth, women often feel back pain. Sometimes, the pain is located where the tailbone, or the sacrum. This is related to the injury and sprains, obtained during the work of childbirth.

Alert the pain can be, doing special gymnastics during the pregnancy or to visit the swimming pool.

Breast-feeding-mother, can also perform a set of exercises, paying special attention to your posture.

If the pain is accompanied by a temperature rise up to 37 degrees and above, a woman dramatically play in the heat, it is necessary the consultation of a doctor.

Possibly this is an infectious process.

The pains caused by diseases of the female reproductive system

The typically female disease, the symptom that acts as low back pain, refer to:


It is an inflammation of the bladder, inherent to a greater degree than women. Cystitis is easily treated and diagnosed.

Urine test to check for the presence of this disease it's worth, if when passing urine, felt the burning, he pulls on the lower back when leaning forward, it will increase the temperature of the body.

Infectious processes in the vagina

A series of inflammations in women causes pain in the position lying face down.

This can be candidiasis, vaginosis bacterial or viral disease.

Similar pain can also be a symptom of kidney injury.

Inflammation attachments

If a woman has pain in the loins and ovaries, there is a burning sensation when urinating, the temperature rose above 38 degrees, it is necessary to ultra-sound-diagnostic and treatment under the supervision of a specialist (course chopped, or receiving oral medications).

The pain related with the disease of the internal organs

Disease of the intestines or stomach can cause pain in the spinal column.

Sometimes pain when these disorders can be very radiate — to give at the walk or give in the belly.

This clinical picture is related to the fact that the brain does not correctly interpret this signal, which serves you the organs.

If it hurts the back and on the right side, this indicates a problem with the liver or the pancreas.Pain on the left side indicates an appendicitis or intestinal cramps.

On his left side, the pain can occur during running or other exercise. It passes quickly and does not pose a danger to health.

In the area of the coccyx may be burning and pulling pain.

What do you do?

The use of ointments

This type of medicines is very efficient when the need to quickly recover health at home.

The use of ointments

The ointment helps to relieve the inflammation, traction, has the action heats up, cool your loins.

Highlight the following groups of polishes:

  • anti-inflammatory painkillers (in their composition are included in the drugs action, removing irritation — mint, lavender, and analgesics);
  • a combination of medications (applies to sprains and injuries, along with the anti-inflammatory and analgesic action has healing effect due to the entrance in composition of heparin, dimethylsulfoxide);
  • medicines, annoying (effect is based on expansion of the blood vessels and the blood flow to a source of the pain);
  • chondroprotectors (one of the active components of such drug products is the chondroitin sulphate is applied during pathological processes in the tissue of the cartilage, contributing to the active recovery of the cartilage surfaces of the joints).

The injection of

The action, which is achieved through the needle, in the same way to receive related ointments or oral medications.

The characteristics of this type of therapy are:

  • Speed. A rapid withdrawal of strong pain is only possible through adjustments of the drugs in the blood or muscle.
  • Efficiency. Injections allow you to deliver active component with precision for the goal. The active substance is not destroyed in the gastrointestinal tract.
  • The need of the presence of an expert. Do-if injections alone is difficult, therefore, need, or journal of a visit to health posts, or call a nurse at home.
  • It is possible to use only by a physician. Than treat the discomfort and pain through injections can consult the doctor and assign the necessary drug. To acquire the majority of them is possible only on prescription.

The heating

This method of eliminating pain refers more to the means of folk medicine.

Heats up well the can help the pain of the next nature — sprains, hernias, warping, osteochondrosis.

In such cases, it is recommended to do up to 10 procedures per day.

When the infectious process of heating causes the blood flow to struck by a sector of the tissue and improves the pain.



Massage well to help to get rid of low back pain in the spinal column.

You can trust a specialist in a clinic or spend at home, in any case, the use of it will be priceless.

The positive therapeutic effects of massage are the following:

  • improve the blood supply of a patient of a body part;
  • kneading the muscles, making them and ligaments more flexible and elastic;
  • remove the acute pain;
  • the liberation of the accumulated in the muscles and subcutaneous tissue of toxins;
  • feeling of pleasure through the stimulation of nerve endings in the skin;
  • the positive emotions.

Well, when the massage combined with the adoption of the baths and saunas.

Particularly useful is the steam magic birch or oak, they as well stimulates all the processes of life and increases the overall tone of the body.