Strong pain in the back – a dangerous symptom, which in no case can tolerate. The causes can be varied: from degenerative changes in the spine to diseases of the internal organs. If it is very difficult with a back pain, you need to in the first place, to ensure physiological rest, take a comfortable position.
The next steps are to call the doctor in the house, and when acute, ice cream, an acute pain, which is difficult to find relieving the state pose – call an ambulance. If the attack the common person is not the first time, and he knows the reason, you can take a painkiller (non-steroidal the anti-inflammatory medicine). The pain can also be applied cool compress. Then, you should contact the health centre and inform your doctor about the worsening available for the disease.
Acute pain in the back has different origins. Pain that is caused has a or paroxysmal nature, appears suddenly, worried permanently or from time to time. The pain can be uncomfortable, pulling, eripiant parthian, and intensified after a long stay in the same position. In the back, sometimes, a feeling of stiffness, gravity, tingling, can occur numbness or tingling. Strong acute back pain significantly decreases the quality of life, jeopardizes the integrity.
In the group of risk includes the following people:
- office workers, programmers, and t. d. (which for a lot of time sitting behind a computer);
- people with excess weight;
- person, leading malaakticon alternative lifestyle (HypodINAME);
- those that are busy with so much effort, carries out an intensive physical work;
- those who suffered the injury back;
- professional athletes;
- older people;
- pregnant women, women after childbirth.
Cause the pain can sudden movement, hypothermia. The disease severity contributes to back pain:
- hernia protrusions;
- pinching the nerve root;
- violation of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems;
- tRaumatthe ization;
- infectious processes, tumors, and t. d.
Back pain can be the result of a variety of damage: blows, wounds, fractures, and t. d. Mechanical trauma is the immediate reason of the treatment your doctor, even if, at first glance, it seems that it is nothing serious. Pain that is caused when nottajelah injuries (for example, injury), you may receive once, but after some time. In severe cases, in addition to cutting, intense pain, can observe paresis, paralysis.
To determine the degree of severity of the condition of the patient is prescribed x-rays, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging. In some cases, can help only surgical intervention, as well as conservative therapy when the lesions aimed at the elimination of symptoms. After the surgery, long rehabilitation course. Even so, the amount of the treatment event does not guarantee that the strong pain in the back will not bother the person throughout life.OSTEOCONDROSE
A pathological process more and more is located in the lumbar region, or cervical department of vertebral column. The vertebrae have great mobility, they have a huge pressure, resulting in irrational physical activity and that, under other circumstances, it leads to the pathological changes. Cartilage tissue that is vulnerable to exchange rates of violations, inflammation and accumulation of salts. To identify the degenerative disc disease are magnetic resonance examination.
Sharp painful heart attack occurs due to dегеnotраtUNO-dIPteroticheskih changes in the disks. In the mechanism of development pain is the inflammation and pinching the nerve root. Acute pain in the region of the neck uppaduupyet in a handle time, the hands and the blades. As the progression of the disease spreads in the thoracic region, with strong pain appear in the sternum. Fully healed of degenerative disc disease is not possible, but improving the quality of life is perfectly possible.THE SCOLIOSIS
When the irrational distribution of load on the back, prolonged, meet in the same position, sedentary life-style of your spinal column suffers dformiruyutsya changes. In the muscles will constantly arise spasm, the nerve endings are affected. Because of this, appear some acute pain. The onset of the disease, often lies in childhood, when children begin to attend school, many spend their time behind a desk, carry heavy books.
To identify the scoliosis special studies are not necessary. The doctor will determine the curvature without tools normal methods of examination.THE THORACIC KYPHOSIS
It is the violation of the skeleton, in which the vertebral column curved ACAdand more anatomical normal. At the beginning of the disease the patient seems simple ergo fleret inclinavit, such as the development of a disease process is formed hump. The shoulders are issued knepedu, the chest narrow. Because of this, the intervertebral discs thoracic withdавлandваюtwithя and pain. The most dangerous is kifoskolioticheskaya way, your spinal column when this alignment in different departments.SPONDILOARTHROSIS
When the disease is changed cartilage tissue of the joints. The cartilage lose their elasticity and flexibility. The bone tissue gradually erased, but are formed pathological bone tumors – onwithtеonфandts. They are the ones that elicit a strong acute pain, causing damage to adjacent soft tissues and nerves. Many times as the patient is a necessary operation, as well as the conventional treatment gives temporary, symptomatic effect.Hernia of EDUCATION
At least wear and tear of the intervertebral disc loses its elasticity and strength. The vertebrae are exercised over units of double loading. All of this leads to the fact that cartilage, the tissue begins to exit by anatomically normal border.
When the location of a pathological process in the area of the spinal canal disturbed sensitivity, can occur paresis, paralysis. As a result of compression of nerve root there are strong pain-attack. Detect the hernia can be through computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The disease is treated surgically. Now use less traumatica laser intervention that reduce the recovery period.NEURALGIA
Under the influence of tравмandрующегon factors perekladdенandй, overloads, physical begins with an inflammation that affects the nerves. So if developing neuralgia. A sign of his sharp–, tribunus plebis modestus, "violating" the pain in different parts of the back, to the right or to the left, at the bottom of the chest and t. d. the Pain can appear when any sudden movements, coughing strong.
When in this state, take painkillers and anti-inflammatory pills, organize the correct mode of the day.INTERNAL MEDICINE
Pain caused in the back can appear when the CAD. Arise burning pain, withdавлandвающегon nature, ontdающandе on the back, shoulders, jaw, left shoulder. It may seem that the pain in his left side. The patient can specify to clear the location behind the breastbone. Typical of the pain – proof нandtрonглandцерandнonм by sublingual route. Hurt after pills or нandtрonwithпрея passes for 5-10 minutes. If the attack continues for 20 minutes or a little more, you have the opportunity to reflect on the acute myocardial infarction. The urgent need to call an ambulance!
Another strong reason acute back pain – renal colic. The process is translated by one side. The pain is so intense that the patient is in bed, can not find the forced state. When they occur dandзурandчеwithкandе the disorder, the urine is separated little, it may be present in the blood. The pain extends during the course of the ureter down to the lower part of the belly, the groin. All of these states require emergency medical attention!
How to act when pain syndrome
If the symptoms point to the coronary, renal, the source of the headaches (especially if the patient knows about the presence of related issues), the need to call an ambulance. Such patients are hospitalised in branch of intensive care. When coronary syndrome should assume the position of a through sitting, unbutton withtеwithняющую clothes, take nitroglycerin under the tongue. When renal colic forced to posture, the patient can help to warm the affected area side. Normal pain killers when kidney, cramps, liver, acute coronary syndrome not help. The patient to introduce analgesic narcotics.
The above describes the state, requiring a medical emergency. In other cases, the risk of life for the patient. If the patient knows that he has a back problem, she can facilitate the attack take an analgesic, anti-inflammatory the medicine. It is important to ensure complete physiological peace, to eliminate any type of load in a period of exacerbation.
Diseases of the musculoskeletal system in the period of worsening use anti-inflammatory drugs, calefactionem cunctam ointments. In severe cases, when the pills don't help, doctors prescribe the shots – novocain, lidocaine block. If the symptoms do not disappear, prescribe anti-inflammatory non-steroidal.
Once the state becomes better, it needs to come from a consultation with your doctor. If the patient addressed for the first time, the specialist will evaluate, that was sick back, and what to do, if not appeared intense pain. In the period of remission, when the painful heart attack anchored, the patient is prescribed therapeutic massage, therapy by exercise, physiotherapy, acupuncture, and t. d. All of these methods apply to the early stages of the disease. In severe cases, surgery is required.
Helpful wearing special orthotics, corsets, that support the back and reduce the stress. Such devices also recommend that during pregnancy to reduce the load on the spine. A good effect problems in the back gives the medical facility. Complex assigns your a doctor, and the major lesson to be conducted under the supervision of an instructor.
Examples of exercises:
- Lie on your back. Bend the leg at the knee. Another flex and разгandбаtü, touching the floor. Do 10 repetitions, then switch foot.
- Lie on the floor. Bending the knees. The queue remove the knees to the sides.
- Hand put on his shoulder, making a motion of rotation to the front and back.
- Hands up, concatenate in the castle. The head you play back to back, trying to see in the palm of the hand.
- Make twists of the trunk.
It is important not to forget about prevention. If you are overweight, you will have to reset. You must maintain an active lifestyle, especially withanddячandм workers. Local work should be suitably equipped, it is best to buy a special chair with adjustable backrest. It is also need to pay attention to prevent excess wear high heels or models uncomfortable with the brake pad. Diseases of the spine is easier to prevent than cure, therefore, you always need to remember about listed above is simple and completely controllable rules.