Why it hurts loin women: 9 main causes, treatment and prevention

The lower back pain in women may be a symptom of diseases of the vertebral column, kidneys and organs of the reproductive system, as well as be a consequence of injury, therefore, one can not ignore the signal of an organism about the problem. Let's understand why the pain of the loins of women, and that to remedy this state.

Characteristics of low back pain in women and the mechanism of occurrence

The lower back pain in women can have short-term, long-or permanent. The duration of the symptom allows suspect or that reason of his appearance. For example, an episode of pain in the lumbar region often occurs in the middle of the external influences – injury or physical exertion.


At the same time, a constant feeling of lower back pain can talk about more serious causes, such as, for example, in the osteocondrose, renal stone disease, inflammation of appendages and т. д.

Therefore, long-term or permanent pain in the lumbar region require the advice of an expert in the first place, with the doctor. Doctor based on the research of an organism is able to take up the cause of the problem and have already forward it to the respective professionals.

In addition to duration, the starting point of the pain of the syndrome, it is important to determine its intensity and location.

Depending on the intensity of the pain may be mild medium intense and strong.

Low back pain can be unilateral and опоясывающими. On one side the location of the pain is typical for inflammation of the ovarian, kidney disease, stones in the ureter and т. д. In addition, the pain can give to the lower part of the belly, the inner surface of the thigh, the genitals, coccyx, sacrum or подреберье.

Pain in lumbar region in women often mingle with pains in the lower part of the belly.

Must also say that the pain can локализоваться, both above and below the waist. In addition to the starting point of the pain syndrome, a woman can disturb and other unpleasant symptoms, such as, for example, the increase in body temperature, malaise, allocation of a different nature, abdominal pain, headaches, dizziness, and т. д.

Now look at the pain of the loins of women.

It hurts loin: reasons for women

You female body, there are a number of characteristics, such as, for example, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, menopause, gynecological diseases, which considerably enhance the range of diseases, causing sensations of pain in the lumbar region. In men, the emergence of back pain, primarily due to pathology of the spinal column. At the same time, the first thing to do is to eliminate specific causes of low back pain in women, regardless of their age.

Causes of lower back pain in women can be both physiological and pathological state.

Among the physiological reasons lower back pain that you need to highlight the following:

  • pregnancy;
  • menstruation;
  • menopause.

Pathological reasons the starting point of the pain syndrome in the lumbar region can be factors such as:

  • the excess of physical effort;
  • гиподинамия;
  • hypothermia;
  • diseases of the spinal column;
  • kidney disease and urinary tract;
  • pathology of the organs of the reproductive system;
  • the injury.

We will study in more detail each of the causes, as well as to learn, as if you can help in such cases.

Pregnancy and back pain

Many times the pregnancy is accompanied by pains in the back, especially in the last quarter. Cause the emergence of a starting point of the pain syndrome, the following factors:

  • the weight gain;
  • the redistribution of the load on your spine;
  • the weakening of the muscle tone;
  • the extension of the pelvic cavity.

These factors have a place in the last months of pregnancy, when the fetus is active is gaining weight, which is reflected in the weight of the woman, and the bones of the pelvis are prepared for the birth.

At the same time low back pain in the lines of pregnancy, in most cases, are a sign of danger, you can talk about the beginning of the abortion. Also the pain may be accompanied by кровянистыми secretions, increased body temperature, general weakness and т. д.

Therefore, to avoid serious consequences for the woman and for the fetus, you should inform the doctor-obstetrician-gynecologist about pains in the lumbar region.

Treatment. If the pain in the lumbar spine are related exclusively with the pregnancy and the woman has no pathology, to improve the state of health it is advisable to use straps special, that you can buy in the pharmacy. Such devices reduce the load on the spine and normalize the body's center of gravity.

If the woman has observed the increase of weight above normal, it is necessary to correct the diet: limit sweets, canned food, animal fats and other products with high calorie content.

Also dealing with back pain can help yoga classes, swimming, pilates or gymnastics.

Menstruation and back pain

Menstrual pain can локализоваться not just in the lower part of the abdomen, but the lumbar spine, the sacrum. A key role in the occurrence of pain in the lumbar region in this case, plays the change of the hormonal balance in the female body.

It hurts the loin before месячными due to the fact, in this period, in the blood increases the level of progesterone, which decreases the threshold of painful sensitivity. Therefore, even the more minor uterine contractions, which can cause low back pain.


Also contribute to the occurrence of a starting point of the pain syndrome, low back before and during the month, the following factors:

  • the fluid retention in the tissues, which leads to отекам, increasing of body mass, elastic capsules and ligaments organs, in particular of the uterus, the bladder, which put pressure on your spine and the muscles;
  • reduction of миометрия to separate procedural layer of the endometrium, during which occurs the irritation of the nerve endings;
  • the presence of reproductive contraception — spiral, especially when it is installed incorrectly;
  • the impact of progesterone on the wall of the intestine, manifested by intestinal pain, diarrhea. Therefore, before месячными often hurts the tailbone, the sacrum and the loins.

Treatment. When expressed in menstrual pain doctor-gynecologist may consider the appointment of медикаментозных of funds. In this case, can be applied antispasmodics or homeopathic. Also it is recommended to limit this period, the use of liquid and salt.

Menopause and low back pain

Menopause is characterized by a weak job of the ovary, because that fundamentally changes the woman's hormonal. Due to the lack of estrogen in the body in the bones, receives osteoporosis, which leads to bone fragility, which is often accompanied by an uncomfortable pain in the joints and back.

At the age of menopause in women significantly increases the risk of development of degenerative disc disease, that are also characterized by low back pain.

Treatment. In the first place, you must determine the cause of low back pain, after which it is assigned этиологическая, symptomatic treatment. Female patients, necessarily, are assigned and minerals, which strengthen the bone tissue, vitamins, therapy by exercise, exercises to strengthen muscle corset in the back.

Also therapeutic structure is complemented with balanced meals. On the day of the diet, necessarily, must be present in fruits, vegetables, dairy products, fish, meat and poultry.

The excess of physical exertion and low back pain

Very often, women have pointed to the low back pain after the ascension of gravity, the overhead in the gym, games of action with the child, the work in the garden and т. д. these factors lead to спазму muscles of the back, so that it is the irritation of nerve endings, which is manifested by low back pain and across the back. It is also a woman difficult to lean forward.

Normal, the next day, the pain should pass, if this does not occur, it is necessary to consult a doctor-neurologist to exclude pathology of the spine.

Гиподинамия and back pain

Such benefits of civilization, such as cars, public transport, lift, computers, television, and пр., contribute to гиподинамии, which leads to the atrophy and decreased muscle strength of the muscles of the body, particularly of the back.


Your spinal column protects and locks in a vertical position muscular corset and, therefore, the weakening of the disturbed posture, you receive the osteocondrose and the hernia, including and lumbar spine. Listed diseases are accompanied by back pain, lumbar, sacrum.

Treatment. It is the only effective method of dealing with the pain caused by the гиподинамией, – maintenance of an active lifestyle. For this will be enough to replace the ride in the carriage floor, pushing it inside of an elevator – the walk up the stairs, and sedentary work must make a small motor breaks every two to three hours. It is also recommended to practice swimming, gymnastics, yoga, sports, hiking and т. д.

Hypothermia and back pain

Pain in the back when cold, the most common of getting the hot time of the year, than in the winter. This is due to the fact that in the winter, the heat of our mode of dress, go out, so that the back does not feel strong temperature differential. But in the summer, when working in the heat, in the lumbar region, is on the blood circulation and increases the muscle activity, so if it blows, though the slightest breeze, you receive a muscle spasm, which causes pain.

Treatment. If you have back pain after you have air currents, so you must obey strict bed rest for 2-3 days, lubricate the lower part of the back pain killers ointments, take assigned by dr. drugs, to delete a sauna, a hot bath, and to limit the exercise.

Diseases of the spine and back pain

More often that women suffer from this disease of the spine, such as the osteocondrose. And lumbar osteocondrose is more common than the defeat of the other departments of the vertebral column. This explains the high mobility of the lumbar vertebrae and the huge work load on the department of the vertebral column.


Osteocondrose threat of such complications, as the formation of hernias and violation of nerves. Lumbar osteocondrose and its complications are accompanied by pains in the lumbar region, that can go in the lower limb, the lower part of the belly, the sacrum and the coccyx.

Treatment. In the fight with остеохондрозом apply anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as the therapy for exercise, methods of physiotherapy.

In case of appearance of complications that threaten disorder in the spinal column or compression of the spinal cord, carried out operational intervention.

The kidney disease, urinary tract, and pain in the back

Kidney disease and urinary tract often accompanied by low back pain. For example, back pain is the most common for pyelonephritis chronic current. If it hurts the loin to the right of the woman, the reason probably is unilateral, the defeat of an inflammatory process.

In addition, kidney disorders, and of the urinary system occur rarely in pain in the lumbar region. Such patients still complain of increase of body temperature, general weakness, decreased appetite, nausea, increased sweating, increased urinary frequency, presence of blood or pus in the urine and т. д. for Example, back pain and frequent urination in women more often are symptoms of an inflammation of the bladder and renal stone.

Treatment. The therapy of pyelonephritis, and cystitis is the application of antimicrobials, as these disease causing pathogens. In addition to drug therapy, it is necessary to follow a diet, the essence of which is an exception to the daily diet of foods smoked products, seasonings, spices, and salt restriction.

Pathology of the genital organs and the lower back pain


The low back pain, often bothers women who suffer from гинекологическими diseases, namely:

  • the ovarian cyst;
  • polyps of the uterine cavity;
  • endometriosis;
  • apoplexy of the ovary;
  • inflammation of the ovary;
  • inflammation of the fallopian tubes;
  • cancer of the cervix, and other.

The mechanism of occurrence of pain of gynecological diseases involves the violation of the hormonal, inflammatory processes, which are distributed in the tissue of the lumbar region.

Regardless of the cause, when it is low back pain, that are accompanied by abdominal pain, secretions of the different nature of the vagina, increasing the temperature, menstrual disorders and other symptoms, you must consult a professional – a doctor-a gynecologist. Any gynecological disease face problems of infertility.

As you can see, the causes of back pain near the beautiful sex, a lot, some of them physiological and are not a danger to health. But in most cases, back pain is a symptom of various diseases, therefore, requires a global search of the body and the appropriate treatment.