Pain in neck and back: diagnosis, symptoms, treatment

The pain of the back and the neck happens at least once in the life of many people.

Depending on the causes of discomfort, the person may need the help of a neurologist, occupational therapist, traumatologist , or other professionals.

the pain in the back and neck

Let's examine, in detail, the which doctor to turn to, when the pain in the back and neck, what to do to improve the state of health.


It is the inflammation of the muscles – the back, neck, waist. Myositis can be a complication of some type of viral infection, for example, of the flu.

Often myositis occurs after cold, a long period to find the wind with the open back and the neck. You receive the strong pain at rest, and also to the slightest movement.

Inflammation of the muscle when touching the hot, dense, very painful.

With this, the man is difficult to move, but, however, you should try to get to a doctor – a general practitioner or neurologist.

After examination, the doctor may prescribe additional studies – exams and x-rays to the exclusion of other causes of pain.

If the diagnosis is confirmed, it is treated myositis anti-inflammatory means, the peace and the physiotherapy fast enough.

When miositee do not want to use ointments and pads – ignition of the rocket.


It is very frequent the reason why soreness occurs in the neck and back pain – common osteocondrose.

When it is soft cartilage between vertebrate bones become thin and tight, from this pinch nerve, occurs a spasm of the muscles of the back.

Appears strong, pulling pain in the whole back and neck, if affected by both the departments of the vertebral column.

Is best to consult with a neurologist, but in its absence, can help the therapist or traumatologist. Necessarily performed a radiograph or ct scan.

Your doctor will see the changes of the vertebrae, which are specific to degenerative disc disease. The treatment is assigned to a few weeks, with the inclusion of tablets, injections and ointments.

When the pain decrease, which is useful to use physical therapy ways, such as, for example, acupuncture.

For the prevention of degenerative disc disease following with the youth of doing regular exercises.

Deforming spondiloarthrosis

It happens that it hurts the upper part of the back, or the loins in a given location. A person can very precisely indicate the source of the pain.

This local pain, often talks about the deforming osteoarthritis.

This disease affects one or more joints of the spinal column, affecting all its parts.

When there is suspicion of spondiloarthrosis man should visit a rheumatologist or a neurologist.

After conducting several searches – x-ray, ct scan – the doctor will confirm or refute the diagnosis. Treated deforming spondiloarthrosis time.

To completely eliminate the changes articulation impossible. With the help of anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers that you can only remove the aggravation.

prolapse and hernia

Many times spondiloarthrosis occurs after a back injury.


Is the displacement of vertebrae in relation to each other.

Spondylolisthesis can occur after an injury or due to a congenital weakness the ligaments and muscles.

Moving, the vertebrae are pinching the nerves, appears acute, pain. Come down on all of the plans, it becomes very painful, the muscles of the back dorsal.

Spondylolisthesis – a fairly rare pathology.

With the suspicion to consult a neurologist, a doctor will be able to distinguish this disease degenerative disc disease or herniated disc.

Inspection and investigation, x – rays and magnetic resonance imaging. Many times, when spondylolisthesis, surgery is required. Then, the person is forwarded to the neurosurgeon.

When spondylolisthesis recommended sleep tight, rigid beds.

The stenosis of the spinal canal

In the interior of the spinal column passes the spinal cord is the nerves, which ensure the movement of the whole body.

In many diseases, such as, for example, the osteocondrose, spondylolisthesis, tumor channel narrows. Then the spinal cord squeezed the bones of vertebrates.

This causes back and neck pain, you may experience weakness in the hands or feet.

The stenosis of the spinal canal is developing very gradually, the symptoms are worsened day-to-day.

The diagnosis is done by a neurologist or neurosurgeon about the results of the inspection and of computed tomography. To eliminate the pain, are used analgesics, anti-inflammatory drugs.

In case they are ineffective and stenosis progresses, is performed the operation.

To keep the spine in the correct position when stenosis help wheels.

Prolapsed or herniated intervertebral disc

Sharp, sudden pain in the back occur when the herniated disc from the spinal column. Is the bulging of the cartilage, which appears due to the destruction of the dense shell of the disk.

The bulging puts pressure on the nerves, causing a lot of pain. Move-if a person with hernia is difficult, and very painful. Members can lose completely the mobility of a heavy compression.

A herniated disc, often need surgery for this, you should seek the neurosurgeon.

After the completion of the magnetic resonance tomography dr. rene, it is worth if performing the operation or until you can eliminate the pain caused by the medication.

Apply anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers in injections.

For the prevention of hernia should strengthen the muscles of the back, moderate loads, and avoid lifting weights.


Sometimes, the sensation of pain in the neck and back are not related to the column. This can be a problem from the side of the ENT organs.

Heavy tonsillitis without treatment complicated especially abscess – large ulcer on the side of the neck. You get the strong pain in the neck from behind, on top of the back.

Neck movement is limited and is very painful.

Along with the pain of having the person who comes up to temperature, and the skin in the region of the abscess is hot and red. Abscess revealed side of the oral cavity doctor.

You will need a long-term therapy with antibiotics. One might suspect that the tonsillitis has worsened dramatically can be total deterioration of state of health, despite treatment, increasing sensitivity.

When the large abscess, the person can not open the mouth due to a muscle spasm along with ulcer.


Tumors of the vertebral column always manifest pain in the back. This can be as metastasis of other organs, and the education of the spinal column. Pain in tumors with very strong, aching, amplified at night. They combine with the poor, the common well-being, weight loss.

The diagnosis of tumor difficult to suspect, because the symptoms are similar to osteocondrose, which happens with much more frequency. Assists in the detection of tumors in magnetic resonance imaging, tomography, and blood tests.

Any tumor in need of removal, as well as she, is being extended to squeeze the spinal cord, therefore, will cause the paralysis of an arm or leg.

But the decision about the possibility of removal accepts neurologist-oncologist – these professionals deal with the tumors of the spinal column.

When a malignant tumor that after an operation is assigned to the chemotherapy.


Falls, blows, wounds of the back very dangerous complications in the spinal column. Appears strong, acute pain at the time of the injury.


Depending on the level and degree of spinal cord injury, may lose the mobility and sensitivity of the hand or foot, you can experience a violation of the functions of urination.

When there is a cervical injury, you may experience breathing problems and even instant death.

When any suspected injury of the back, the person should enter the hospital. Best of all, if this will cause an ambulance.

The movement of a person in this state alone is very dangerous. You can increase the damage of the spinal cord.

So, the best tactic – the first-aid kit and software peace victim prior to their arrival.

The damage of the cervical spine often occurs when you jump into the water in an unfamiliar place, when the fund or foreign objects under the water are very close.

Rheumatoid arthritis

It is an autoimmune disease. That is, the immunity of the body attacks itself. It produces antibodies that attack its own joint tissue.

It is the most common are the small joints of the hands and feet. Rarely the defeat of the spinal column. You will receive back pain, inability to bend over, and extend the hand.

The movement in the spinal column are limited.

Usually, the person conscious of his presence, of rheumatoid arthritis. The disease is totally incurable.

But, if you follow the recommendations of the competent rheumatologist, it is possible to get rid of frequent exacerbations and progression of the disease.

Are used strong anti-inflammatory, as well as those expensive medications.

The joints in rheumatoid arthritis with the time irreversible deform.


One of the rare causes of neck and back pain – dermatomiosite. It is also an autoimmune diseasethat affects the immunity.

The basis for the loss of the disease – the muscles and skin. Own immunity attacks them and corrupts them. The muscles become rigid, the skin is thick and inelastic.

The pain is constant on the whole surface of the back. The muscles play solid, but it is less painful than the simple miositeax. Diagnosis and treatment dermatomiositeand – task rheumatologist. The diagnosis helps to careful research, inspection, as well as blood tests.

The treatment for all life, with the use of strong hormonal, anti-inflammatory drugs, which suppress the aggressive immunity.


Scleroderma is very rare, manifests with pain in the back.

It is a system of an autoimmune disease, in which are the affected joints, blood vessels, muscles and many internal organs: blood vessels, the gastrointestinal tract.

When scleroderma can appear pain in the lower back, and across the back along up to the neck. The pain is constant, irritating, accompanied by a feeling of tightness and muscle weakness.

When there is suspicion of scleroderma, you should seek a rheumatologist. He will perform a review to assess the state of the skin and the joints.

Necessarily are assigned blood tests, which detect signs of aggressiveness own immunity.

The treatment is similar with the treatment dermatomiositeand – system anti-inflammatory non-steroidal tools.

Is the local form of sales, which affects only the skin. When she back does not hurt.

The Syndrome Sharpe

This disease is very similar to the scleroderma or dermatomiosite.

In its development, also participates in own cells of the immune system to attack the body. What happens is that the pain of the back, from the neck to the lumbar region.

Many times, pain in the joints and other organs, as well as the disease affects the whole body.

The diagnosis of place quite difficult. Physician-rheumatologist, after inspection and receipt of search results, will eliminate the other systemic diseases. Only then can you talk about the probability of a syndrome of Sharpe.

The treatment is of long duration, with the use of analgesics, anti-inflammatory medications hormonal medications.

The system vasculitis

This pathology, which strike the vessel.

Depending on the size of the blood vessels small, medium or large – the system vasculitides are divided in a number of diseases.

In the development of any of these vasculitis takes place attack immunity on the wall of their own vessels. They inflamed, thicken, may become corrupted.

If the vessels, it appears as a rash on the skin, in the form of small or medium-sized points. When the defeat of the great vessels of rash can be that are not, but are surprised with the organs, perfused distressed vessels: the heart, kidneys, brain.

Comes system vasculitis doctor-rheumatologist with the vascular media, and immunosuppressive agents.

The pain after the massage

The pain of the back, after the massage may be related to very difficult the influence of the masseur.


Often, especially in people sensitive or fragile vessels, after a session the occurrence of small hematomas.

This manifests itself in a sharp pain in the back and on the next visit, the masseuse will be even more painful.

But it happens that the pain is not the fault of the masseur. When you have a muscle spasm, tension, then during the massage the muscles gradually released.

Then, the first movements of the hand of a specialist will cause an unpleasant feeling of pain, and at the end of a session to relax the muscles and the pain will pass.

When you urgently to the doctor?

  • The pain in the back may be entirely innocuous phenomenon, but sometimes it is necessary a conversion to the doctor:
  • Back pain combines with the fever – happens when the epidural abscess.
  • Suspected that the pain of the back and the neck of a baby up to one year.
  • The pain together with vomiting, severe headache in the back of the head and the inability to flex the neck forward – can you talk about the meningitis.
  • The pain came as a result of an impact or a fall on his back.
  • The pain is not facilitated during the day.

How to relieve the state of the house?

If the pain the feeling is not strong, you can try to alleviate the condition at home before visiting the doctor.

  1. You can use compresses of the leaves of burdock or cabbage: they alleviate the swelling muscle, reduce inflammation when miositee.
  2. Ointments alcohol based you can use when osteocondrose – that relaxes tense muscles and facilitate the state.
  3. Many times, you can help simply a software of peace back. After all, one of the common causes of pain – the stress and fatigue.

To understand the causes of pain in the back and neck, it is difficult. A huge amount of reasons can be the cause of the pain. This article lists the main ones of them to read. For accurate diagnosis and treatment, you should seek a specialist.

If it hurts the neck and the column that do

The neck of the man is considered to be quite vulnerable part of the trunk, and she makes a variety of important vital functions. Therefore, the slightest problem with it cause pain and many people want to know why is it that it hurts the spine in the neck region, and what to do in this case.