The pain in the spine is one of the most common complaints among people. Unlike all other mammals, only one person experiences a problem in the back, such as walking in a straight line significantly strengthens the work load on your vertebral column.
Your own spinal column is composed by several departments, and, often, the pain throbbing in the back is located in only one of them.
The cause unpleasant sensations
Factors that affect the degradation of work in the spine are known to all:
- sedentary sedentary lifestyle;
- the lack of physical exercises;
- steep weight lifting;
- the hard physical work.
In addition, the influence of genetic factors and comorbidities, which, for example, disturb the circulation in the spinal column.
Your spine is a group of vertebrae, between which are the elastic disk, performing the role of shock absorber. The mobility of all the segments give the facet joints and the cartilages of the joints.
An integrity violation or the location of any part of the vertebra leads to different pathologies, which are expressed pain and sensations.
From the spinal cord come out the special of the roots of the nerves that pass near the cervical vertebrae, thus, the most unpleasant sensations are associated with your violation.
Mainly throbbing pain in the spine occurs for the following reasons:
- Cracks in the позвонках.
- The hernia between the vertebrae.
- Low back pain.
Such serious diseases easy to distinguish from the normal, pain in the back, already that the latter case refers only to inflammation or stretching of the muscles, and the state passes very fast. In the case of injuries to the spine feeling extremely strong, and require a series of treatment measures.
Crack in the spine
In fact, in the medical community, such a term is not accepted. The concept of "crack," means more part-time fracture without spinal cord injuries.
The spine is designed to be a point of support of the whole body, when this is sufficiently flexible and fixed assets, due to which you can make several turns, bend. However, even this almost perfect engine is extremely unstable.
The cracks can occur for the following reasons:
- Nasty fall or execution of sports exercises.
- The fall from great height.
- The sharp pressure of the body (for example, car accident).
The aged people represent a special group of risk, because they such damage can occur, even with the minimum load on your back, your vertebrae very fragile, enough and does not have trace elements.
Not always a person can immediately suspect-if the violation of the integrity of the vertebrae. In some cases, the crack is so insignificant, that they continue to live fully. However, many times such changes are made.
The characteristic symptoms of cracks along the spine:
- strong and intense throbbing pain at the site of injury, which can распростронять in other areas of the back;
- the gain of pain on palpation or change the position of the body;
- the formation of swelling and bruising at the site of injury;
- the tension of the muscles of the back, the limitations in the movements.
If the result of an injury if separated part of the vertebra, it can pinch the nerve endings of the spinal column, or touch the very spinal cord, in this case, the pain will be all year long and sharp, and it is necessary to take emergency measures, hospitalization, to resolve a barb.
Osteocondrose is a pathology associated with degenerative changes in the intervertebral disc and cartilage of the joints.
It develops most often in people under the age of because of the poor nutrition of the tissues, however, recently the diagnosis of "молодеет". Due to the lack of nutrients the first suffers the disc between the vertebrae, which loses its elasticity, flexibility. It decreases in size, сдавливается and the result no longer fulfill its main function of the vertebrae adjacent. So the thin strip is not able to separate bone tissue and the vertebrae from each other, and they begin to interact, causing inflammation.
Дистрофические disk changes cause and, in addition, the anomalies and the violation of a nerve root.
Other changes to affect the insects joints and ligaments. The bone tissue grows as a result you lose the mobility of the vertebral column becomes curved, develop, kyphosis and scoliosis.
To help! The load, which is distributed unevenly with respect to the human body, for example, the heavy bag, which on a day-to-day lead in a shoulder, leads to disease of the spinal column.
Cause the disease can not only senile age, but and a number of other reasons:
- increase in the load on your vertebral column: the heavy physical work, excess weight, occupation, related with the constant standing up or sitting down;
- violation of the metabolism;
- the intoxication of the body;
- the lack of vitamins and minerals;
- physical features of the disease;
- the hormonal changes.
Osteocondrose is divided into cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine.Symptoms of the disease:
- When the defeat of the cervix, you may experience the following manifestations: pain in the neck, the hands, their numbness, deterioration of hearing, headaches.
- When the defeat of the chest appear: nagging back pain, difficulty in breathing, pain in the heart muscle.
- When the defeat lumbar felt throbbing pain lumbar, sacrum, and then she stretches her feet. Disturbances may occur urinary organs.
When the defeat cervical occurs impairment of blood circulation to the brain and, as a result, there appear the additional symptoms:
- pressure losses;
- vertigo, the occurrence of spots and specks before the eyes;
- the sleep disorders.
Most often when the osteocondrose occurs throbbing or the pain that pulls the spine in the lumbar region. This is because there are 5 larger vertebrae, which exerts pressure on the whole of the upper part of the spinal column. In addition, this is the area at the stretch to lift the load, slopes, curves.
Spondylosis is a disease in which the edges of the vertebrae to form tumors in the bones, pathological bone tumors. This condition is the next step after the degenerative disc disease of the spine.
Due to the deformation of the intervertebral disc and the local development of the inflammation thickens the bone tissue vertebrae. In конченом eventually, begin to delay the calcium salt, to form the so-called spikes, which compress the nerve roots and insects vessels.
The causes of the disease with more frequency are:
- a back injury;
- greater age;
- the chronic diseases (hypertension, diabetes);
The symptomatology is similar остеохондрозом and that manifests itself as pain in the innervated area, мышечном tension, limitation of mobility, the increase of the кифоза or лордоза.
A interesting fact! Спондилезом suffered the ancient people. The scientists-archaeologists were able to detect such pathological changes in the remains of vertebrate structures of mummies.
The hernia between the vertebrae
The disease usually does not occur abruptly. Gradually, there is a tightening disc located between the vertebrae. A part of the fibrotic ring (outer coating) extends beyond the edge of the vertebrae. In such a situation, speak only of the протрузии disk.
When a strong or a sharp сдавливании, lack of nutrition of the fibrous tissue ring may burst, and then the inner part of the disk – pulpous core comes out. In this case, is put the diagnosis of hernia. The core reaches the nerve endings and, thus, the flame burning pain.
More often than not the hernias are located in the lumbar region. When a person experiences any of the following symptoms:
- the pain, in disagreement buttocks and legs;
- numbness of the feet;
- a failure in the functioning of the urinary system.
For herniated cervical characteristic are: numbness of the hands, pressure differentials, dizziness, pain, отдающая on the shoulders.
For hernia thoracic spine (which is less likely) it is common for the pain in the chest, which is often regarded as the disease to adjacent organs.
The term lumbago is understood throbbing low back pain, which has different causes. Is not independent of the disease, but only a manifestation of the negative changes that occur in the позвонках.
The base of lumbago lie as дистрофические and degenerative processes that occur in the spinal column. Many times, the final cause, as many of the other states – osteocondrose.
In addition, low back pain can occur due to:
- disease Ankylosing;
- lesions and tumors of the spinal column;
- inborn dysplasia.
The state of low back pain are often referred to as low back pain, such as occurs in severe pain and throbbing.
When in this state the man is dramatically bent and may not in any way straighten up. The relief that brings the position lying face down on hard surface with the post under to himself with a roll. Due to a sharp pain occurs in a muscle spasm, the muscles tense even more reinforce the unpleasant feeling.
If you injure your back to the sciatic nerve occurs lumbago, in which the pain spreads to the buttocks and the thighs.
In addition to the pain of lumbago symptoms occur such as:
- numbness of the skin at the site of acute pain or, on the contrary, the sensation of tingling and "chills";
- rapid heart beat;
- the sweating.
The state of low back pain can last from a few hours to several days and, sometimes, it is stopped by its own without any intervention.
Throbbing pain in the back is almost always a sign of injury to the spine. It is not enough to simply relax or change position. At the first sign of pathology, it is necessary to use the doctors to establish a diagnosis and perform the treatment early.